"The simplest Surrealist act consists of dashing down the street, pistol in hand and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger into the crowd. Anyone who at least once in his life, has not dreamed of thus putting an end to the petty system of debasement and cretinization in effect has a well defined place in that crowd, with his belly at barrel level."
- Andre Breton
Second Manifesto of Surrealism, 1946
Roberto Bolaño is one of the greatest writers of his generation. His novels are remarkable. His poetry may be better. When asked whether he preferred his prose or poetry, he replied poetry, because it embarrassed him less.
The leopard dies with its spots, and I have never intended to improve myself or believed myself capable of doing so. I have never really aspired to any sort of virtue, except perhaps to that of having thought that only a few crimes of a new type, which could certainly not have been cited in the past, might not be unworthy of me; and to that of not having changed after a bad start. At a critical moment in the troubles of the Fronde, Gondi, who had given such sterling proofs of his capacities in the handling of human affairs, notably in his favorite role of disturber of the public peace, improvised before the Parlement de Paris a fine quotation attributed to a classical author, for whose name everyone vainly searched, but which best could be applied to his own panegyric: "In difficillimis Republicae temporibus, urbem non deserui; in prosperus nihil de publico delibavi; nihil timui." He himself translated it like this: "In bad times I did not forsake the city; in prosperous times I had no private interests; in desperate times I feared nothing."
"Nihilism is quick to moralize, as soon as it is touched by the idea by the idea of self-justification; one man robbed banks and took pride in not robbing the poor, while another never killed anyone when he was not angry. Despite all of the eloquence at their disposal, they were the most unpredictable people from one hour to the next, and they were sometimes quite dangerous. It is the fact of having passed through such a milieu that later permitteed me to say sometimes. whith the same pride as the demagogue in Aristophanes' Knights: "I too grew up in the streets!"
Poll of 6,000 Jewish people in eight EU member states finds three-quarters say problem has escalated in last five years
People in Berlin examine the wreckage of shops owned by Jews after Kristallnacht in November 1938. Photograph: Bettmann/Corbis
A survey of discrimination and hate crimes against Jewish people in Europe, released to mark the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht, suggests that antisemitism is on the rise, with three-quarters of those polled reporting an increase over the last five years and growing fears over online abuse and hate speech.
Two-thirds of those polled for the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) felt antisemitism was a problem, 76% thought the situation was getting worse and that antisemitism had increased over the last five years, and 46% said they worried about being verbally assaulted or harassed in public because they were Jewish.